Battle of Sainte-Foy

The Battle of Sainte-Foy was fought on April 28, 1760.

When General Murray, commander of the English, learns about the approach of the French, commanded by General Levis, he decides to march out and meet the oncoming troops in the open country west of Quebec City. Indeed, it was a bold thing to do as he had only half as many soldiers as the French.

Besides, his men were in a weakened condition. The two forces meet at Sainte-Foy, a few miles west of Quebec City. The fight is long and hard. More men take part in the Battle of Sainte-Foy than of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Levis commanded around 5900 men and the British had about 3000.

The battle proved to be a much bloodier in terms of the total number of casualties. The French lost about 850 men and the British casualties were as high as 1250. About three-quarters of the officers of the Fraser Highlanders were killed or wounded in the fight. The English are pushed back, until they had to take refuge within the walls of Quebec.

The victorious Levis set his forces in position to conduct a siege, but he knew that his fate, in the end, would depend upon relief reaching New-France from metropolis.

But the French fleet never arrived. Levis was, however, unable to retake Quebec City. The British garrison withstood a feeble siege until the arrival of naval reinforcements. The French fleet never arrived though, having been smashed at Quiberon Bay the previous autumn. The supply ships were lost in the Bay of Chaleur in the Battle of Restigouche.

When HMS Lowestoft approached Quebec, Levis had to raise the siege and retreat to Montreal.

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