Fall of Quebec City
After the battle of the Plains of Abraham, all was confusion within the walls of Quebec City. The English troops were lined up outside, just in front of the gates, prepared to storm the fortress if necessary.
The French army had retired to the Jacques Cartier River some miles westward. The units commanded by the Governor Vadreuil where joined there by the remnants of the regiments that had fought on the Plains of Abraham, but all desire for further fighting was gone. On the evening of September 17th, the military commander of the city, Mr. de Ramezay, sent notice to the English that he was ready to surrender.
The next day, in the square before the chateau St. Louis, the keys of Quebec were handed to the English general, Townshend.
The lilied flag of France, which had floated proudly over the city founded by Samuel Champlain for a century and a half, was lowered from its staff above the chateau of the governor. Meanwhile, the body of General James Wolfe, commander of the English in the final battle, rested in the cabin of the Royal William.
The body of the French General Joseph de Montcalm lay in a shell-hole in the wall of the Ursuline Convent of Quebec. Fifty years later, a governor of Canada, Lord Dalhousie, ordered the construction of a quiet garden overlooking the St. Lawrence, with a statue bearing the names of both generals, together, and an inscription in Latin: Courage gave the a common death; history, a common fame; and later generation, a common monument.