Mine of barytine of Saint Fabien
Found in the sedimentary rocks, barytine is a mineral that can be any color: gray, brown, blue, red or just colorless. Consisting of barium oxide (BaO) and sulfur trioxide (SO3), it can be found in the form of strata, seams, cavity, or in the residual form.
Numerous unique qualities allow barytine to be used in various industries. Soft, chemically inactive, and inexpensive, it is mainly used for the forage of oil and natural gas. Its low-sparkling quality makes it useful for plastic and paint production. It can also be used in manufacturing of rubber, friction materials, and carpets, as noise-absorbent component. Because barytine can absorb gamma rays, it is used in anti-radiation screen for the buildings with nuclear reactors. For its high purity, is also used in radiography. Barytine can also be used for melting, oxidizing, or bleaching the glass. The barium carbonate (BaCO3) is a secondary product used for the manufacturing of television glass, optical glass, in ceramic and porcelain production. There are currently four operating barytine mines in Canada: two in Britsh-Columbia, one in Ontario, and one in Nova-Scotia.
In Quebec, the ancient mine of baryntine is located near the village of Saint-Fabien, at about 20 km (11 mi) from the city of Rimouski and 85 (50 mi) from the city of Riviere-du-Loup. Visitors can go on an exploration tour down the mine and then take a hike with informative panels along the way.
From highway, tourists should take the entry number 3 (Echinord) to get to the village of Saint-Fabien. Visitors can access the site passing by the first street of the village under a small viaduct leading to the Premier rang ouest. If coming from the west, visitors should take the gravel road a little bit before the C.R. Ranch Inc. On the left, they will see the mine road, Chemin de la mine, leading to the old mine.
Address of the mine of Barytine St-Fabien:
Chemin de la mine, 1er Rang Ouest