After the Battle of Quebec

After the Battle of Quebec had been over, the body of Richard Montgomery was discovered in the snow. Soldiers found him only because his hand was visible, sticking out of the freshly fallen snow. The remains of some two dozen Americans were revealed with the melting of the snow the following spring.

All of them were buried with military honours by the Canadians. Despite the defeat and depleted force, Benedict Arnold’s confidence remained high, and he was quite sure, he could still seize Quebec City. He wrote to his wife: I have no thoughts of leaving this proud town until I first enter it in triumph.

During the early months of 1776, Arnold’s forces struggled to maintain the siege of Quebec City. In March, the arrival of reinforcements increased the revolutionary forces to about two thousand men. Still, the presence of the Americans outside the city walls had little effect. The work to stage a second assault on the capital amounted to nothing.

In April, Benedict Arnold, recovered from his wound, left Quebec for Montreal, which would be a city more receptive to the revolution (as Arnold presumed). Major General John Thomas was left in charge of a siege.

Nevertheless, the siege would soon come to an end. Indeed, in early May, the ice on the St. Lawrence having broken up, three Royal Navy ships carrying reinforcements landed at Quebec’s capital. John Thomas had to withdraw, abandoning muskets, artillery and more the 200 men of the Continental Army who were too ill to join the retreat, suffering from dysentery and smallpox.

The last attempt to siege and take Quebec had come to an end.

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